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«Zhurnal Ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniya» – pedagogy scientific journal.

E-ISSN 2413-7294
Publication frequency – issued 2 times a year.

Issued from 2014.

1 June 28, 2018

Articles and Statements

1. Irina Chelysheva
Hermeneutic Analysis of Russian Feature Films (1992-2017) on the School Theme

Zhurnal ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniya, 2018, 5(1): 3-15.
DOI: 10.13187/zhmnp.2018.1.3CrossRef

The article presents the hermeneutic analysis of Russian feature films (1992-2017) on the school topic. Technology of hermeneutic analysis of audiovisual media texts of school subjects presented from the point of view of the study of the place of action, historical, sociocultural, political, ideological context. The main material of this study is modern art films on the school topic. The material of the feature films analyzed from the point of view of studying the basic stereotypes, ideological, identification, iconographic, plot approaches, studying the most characteristic characters. Methods of the study: theoretical analysis and synthesis, comparison and classification, historiographic and descriptive analytical methods, the basic position of which relies on the hermeneutic analysis of audiovisual media texts on the example of the feature films of school problems. The representation of hermeneutic analysis is based on the methodological provisions that form the basis of this approach to the study of audiovisual media texts (Bazalgette, 1995; Silverblatt, 2001; Eco, 2005), according to which the key concepts of media education form the basis for the analysis of school-based feature films: media agencies, media/media text categories, media technologies, media languages, media representations and media audiences.

URL: http://ejournal18.com/journals_n/1530187214.pdf
Number of views: 1072      Download in PDF

2. Olga Gorbatkova
Hermeneutical Analysis of Comedies of English-Speaking Countries on the Theme of School and University

Zhurnal ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniya, 2018, 5(1): 16-29.
DOI: 10.13187/zhmnp.2018.1.16CrossRef

This article presents hermeneutical analysis (including: analysis of stereotypes, ideological analysis, identification analysis, iconographic analysis, plot analysis, character analysis, etc.) of сomedy films of English-speaking countries on school and university topics. Author comes to conclusions, that: comedy is not directly related to key international political events, although to some extent were in some dependence on domestic policies; the surge of comedy films about school life is typical for the period of the 1980s, and the second peak occurred in the XXI century. since the late 1960es many comedies about schoolchildren/students the themes of sex, violence, cruelty become the leading. Transformation in comedies on the subject of school and University is developing in several ways: a) conflict-free socialization is carried out through the prism of values, norms and rules of conduct of the older generation (1930s – 1940s); b) rehabilitation, marginal and anti-social behaviour to the adoption of social norms and values (1950s); c) socialization through the conflict, including the transformation of not only character, but also society as a whole (during the 1960s); d) socialization through disappointment, failure, growing up in the period of the 1970s); e) refusal of socialization pointing to the crisis of society (in the cinema of this kind, the narrative is used periodically, since the late 1970s); e) heroes of movies of the 1980s are not subjected to all sorts of changes, but only gaining experience, improve their social skills, this feature is characteristic of comedy and to date. Film stories about schoolchildren and students are devoid of intellectual disputes, but are densely immersed in love themes, sexual relations intrigues; activity of students is mainly focused on entertainment, leisure, racket, loving relationship and sex, the educational process in the movie plays a minor role; among the characters clearly property differentiation. Attitude of teachers and students lost their clear boundaries of subordination can be clearly observed the transition from an authoritarian to a democratic style of communication, it is mainly due to was a loss of prestige of the teaching profession in the eyes of the students and the public, have been developed for several decades. In modern comedy movies we can see the images of young teachers-women/men, often lonely and unsettled, showing indifference and negativity to their profession. These comedies have positive attitude to the manifestation of emancipation in behavior and sexual relations (including homosexual) between students/students (and even between teachers and students) with the tendency to the image of free, pronounced, emphasizing the female sexuality of the appearance of students and teachers. These comedies are neutral position to the use of juvenile students and teachers of drugs, alcoholic beverages, etc., and the ambivalent attitude of the authors to almost all the characters, even those who a few years ago according to all rules would be considered negative.

URL: http://ejournal18.com/journals_n/1530187392.pdf
Number of views: 1087      Download in PDF

3. Sergey N. Korol, Vitaliy N. Korol
Recruitment of the Youth to Educational Institutions of the Labour Reserves System during the Economy Restoration of Ukraine: Social and Organisational Aspects (1943–1950)

Zhurnal ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniya, 2018, 5(1): 30-40.
DOI: 10.13187/zhmnp.2018.1.30CrossRef

An attempt to characterize the formation of Labour Reserves student contingent was made in the article. During the post-war reconstruction, the mentioned centralized system performed the task of ensuring the strategic sectors of Soviet economy by young workers. The authors studied the social and organisational characteristics of youth recruitment to vocational and factory training schools in Ukrainian SSR during 1943-1950. The specific role of local bodies, Labour Reserves agencies and military commissariats in the mobilisation was identified. Enforcement mobilization actions played a decisive importance in the process. The maximum number of Labour Reserves students in Ukraine has reached at the turn of 1947-1948. The large-scale process of involving young people to Labour Reserves institutions and methods of its implementation were complicated by different approaches to recruiting student contingent of certain types of institutions, the expansion of the mobilized categories, ambiguous motivation of young people to vocational education, and spread of evading conscription. The research is based on materials from the Central State Archives of Supreme Bodies of Power and Government of Ukraine, the Central State Archive of Public Associations of Ukraine and some Ukrainian regional archives.

URL: http://ejournal18.com/journals_n/1530187466.pdf
Number of views: 1091      Download in PDF

4. Dmytro V. Kudinov
Peasant School: Outline of Miropole Private Women Gymnasium

Zhurnal ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniya, 2018, 5(1): 41-52.
DOI: 10.13187/zhmnp.2018.1.41CrossRef

The publication reflects various aspects of existence of an educational institution, unique in terms of establishment and social composition. The issues of Miropole private women gymnasium placement and development, financing and material support, management and personnel policy, and educational activities organization are investigated in the article. The emphasize is put on the national character of the school creation and the role of its founders, in particular, of the gymnasium head Maria Ivanovna Mikhaylichenko. Moreover, the possibilities of education continuation and employment of graduates are specified, the work paths of particular pedagogues are traced, and their list is supplied. The source base and the prospect of further research on Miropole 'peasant school' past are characterized.

URL: http://ejournal18.com/journals_n/1530187517.pdf
Number of views: 1056      Download in PDF

5. Anastasia Shahanskaya (Katrich)
The Analysis of Italian Films on the Theme of School and University

Zhurnal ministerstva narodnogo prosveshcheniya, 2018, 5(1): 53-60.
DOI: 10.13187/zhmnp.2018.1.53CrossRef

On examples of concrete films in the article an attempt is made to carry out hermeneutic analysis of Italian feature films (1940-2017) on the theme of school and university. The author of the article draws attention to the fact that the Italian films of Mussolini's time largely depended on ideology and censorship, which constrained the realistic trends in the films about the school. In the 1950s, italian films on this subject became closer to life, the directors became interested not only in interpersonal relations, but also in social problems, including the problems of education, the mission of the teacher. In the 1960s and 1970s, there began to appear more commercial «school» tapes shot in the genre of erotic comedy. Schoolboys and students began to appear as characters in horror films, thrillers and detectives. The aggravation of social problems in the 1970s and 1990s led to the emergence of films on the subject of schools in disadvantaged areas, the spread of drugs, racial problems and crime. This trend continued in the 21st century.

URL: http://ejournal18.com/journals_n/1530187585.pdf
Number of views: 1067      Download in PDF

full number
URL: http://ejournal18.com/journals_n/1530187637.pdf
Number of views: 1210      Download in PDF

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